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Question: 10th Oct
• Edward - strawberry farm owner, publishes the strawberry sale
• Rothum Stores want to buy it and leave a voicemail message on Edward’s phone. Offer : 2000 Kg strawberries for 3.50 Pound / Kg
12th Oct
• Edward places a counter offer stating that he is ready to sell the strawberries at 4 p/ kg , and places a time limit
14th Oct
• Store sends a fax to Edward , placing a counter-counter offer stating they would pay 3.80/Kg , payable in two months’ time
• Edward doesn’t respond to fax; instead sends a letter of revocation ; letter gets lost in the post
16th Oct
• Store learns from 3rd party (twitter) that Edward closed a deal to supply strawberries only to Davidson Fruimart
• The store sends a letter of acceptance to Edward accepting Edward’s counter offer.
• They sent a fax, to reiterate the acceptance.
• The letter is wrongly addressed to Davidson Frui-mart and isn’t received by Edward
25th Oct
• Edward reads the fax, after he returns from the holiday

The Rothum Store sues Edward for breach of contract.
Advise the parties.

Answer: When Edward first advertised his strawberries for sale in the newspaper, it was merely an invitation to treat; not an offer. It is quite similar to the case of Partridge v Crittenden...


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Details: - Mark: Not available | Course: Contract Law | Year: 1st | Words: 1020 | References: Yes | Date written: December, 2014 | Date submitted: November 25, 2015 | Coursework ID: 942

Question: 1st YEAR - CONTRACT LAW - CASE STUDY

Bigstore Furniture Ltd (“Bigstore”) is a retailer of household furniture. The company announced its summer sale on 1 July 2009 by placing the following advertisement in several national daily newspapers in the UK.

BIGSTORE’S SUMMER MEGASALE!
Prices cut by up to 70%!
Special offer! Anyone purchasing an Italia leather three-seater sofa by cash or credit card at the reduced price of £750 will receive an Italia leather two-seater sofa priced at £500 in the sale absolutely free of charge!
This offer is available at all our stores until 31st August 2009.

(The advertisement concluded by listing in small print all the company’s stores throughout
the country.)

On 5 August 2009 Susan took a copy of the advertisement with her and called at her local
Bigstore to inspect the Italia sofas. She spoke to Ben, the Sales Manager, and told him that
she had decided to purchase the sofas subject to first talking this over with her husband. Ben told Susan that the company only had a limited number of two-seaters so it was agreed that she would leave £100 in return for his agreement to hold the sofas for 48 hours. Ben told her that he would deduct the £100 from the purchase price if Susan went ahead with the
purchase within that time period.

On 7 August 2009 Susan called at the store to purchase the sofas and spoke to Ben who was
very apologetic but explained that his staff had forgotten to reserve the sofas for her. He
explained that in any event the two-seaters were “subject to availability” (as stated in
various notices around the store), and the company had now run out of them. Ben also said
that “…obviously the two-seaters were a free gift and were subject to availability.” He
pointed out that the Italia three-seater sofa was still available but the price had now gone
back up to £2,500.

By reference to case law and statute or your own examples where appropriate:

(a) Explain the elements of a unilateral offer and how such an offer may be accepted.

(b) Explain whether the advert amounts to an offer or an invitation to treat in respect of
(i) the three-seater sofas;
(ii) the two-seater sofas

(c) Explain with reasons what Susan purchased by paying GBP 100 on 5 August 2009. Was Susan entitled to have the GBP 100 deducted from the purchase price even if Ben had not agreed to do so?

(d) Explain whether those who purchased a three-seater sofa were contractually entitled to receive a two-seater as well or whether Ben was correct in stating “obviously the two-seaters were a free gift…..”

(e) Explain with reasons whether Bigstore has acted in breach of contract despite the notices which state that the two-seaters were “subject to availability"?

Answer: Whereas normally a valid agreement should comprise of offer and acceptance, with advertisements the general rule is that they are not offers but statements inviting further negotiations or invitations to treat with...


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Details: - Mark: 75% | Course: Contract Law | Year: 1st | Words: 2189 | References: Yes | Date written: March, 2009 | Date submitted: December 16, 2009 | Coursework ID: 552

Question: 1st Year – European Law - Critically assess the idea that, ‘The European Court of justice is unlike any English court’.

Answer: The European Court of Justice is the highest court in the European Union in matters of European Union law. Its role is to interpret EU law and ensure its equal application across...


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Details: - Mark: 68% | Course: European Union Law | Year: 1st | Words: 1327 | References: No | Date written: November, 2009 | Date submitted: March 16, 2010 | Coursework ID: 596

Question: 1st Year Criminal Law – Case study

(a) Steven, who has been aware of his HIV positive status for 6 months, had unprotected consensual sexual intercourse with his girlfriend Karen. As a consequence, Karen is now HIV positive also.

What might Steven’s criminal liability be?

Answer: The offences of unlawful wounding and inflicting grievous bodily harm are contrary to Section 20 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861. The offence is committed when a person unlawfully and...


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Details: - Mark: 66% | Course: Criminal Law | Year: 1st | Words: 1546 | References: No | Date written: February, 2009 | Date submitted: October 05, 2009 | Coursework ID: 580

Question: 4. Hotdog contracts with Ivor to hire him his reception suite and to provide the catering for 200 guests for the wedding of Ivor's daughter Judy to Keith, which is to be held on the afternoon of 1st May. Ivor makes a pre-payment of £2000 and agrees to pay the balance of £5000 on the morning of the wedding. On 25th April, by which time Hotdog has made the wedding cake and procured supplies of champagne but has not prepared any of the food for the reception, Keith is very seriously injured in a road accident and admitted to hospital, where he lies in a coma. Ivor telephones this news to Hotdog on the same day and tells him that the wedding is off. Hotdog replies: "That's your business: you are paying me to put on a reception and so far as I'm concerned the show goes on." Hotdog prepares the food and makes all the other arrangements for the reception, but no guests come.

(i) Is Ivor entitled to the return of the £2000, or any sum?
(ii) Is Hotdog entitled to claim the £5000, or any sum?


High 2.1 essay, 66/100, 2nd year Contract law, Oxbridge

Answer: Ivor (I) is entitled to the return of the £2000 in (i) and Hotdog (H) is entitled to claim for the value of the wedding cake and champagne, but not the rest...


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Details: - Mark: 66% | Course: Contract Law | Year: 2nd/3rd | Words: 1087 | References: No | Date written: Not available | Date submitted: January 11, 2017 | Coursework ID: 1028

Question: 4. Hotdog contracts with Ivor to hire him his reception suite and to provide the catering for 200 guests for the wedding of Ivor's daughter Judy to Keith, which is to be held on the afternoon of 1st May. Ivor makes a pre-payment of £2000 and agrees to pay the balance of £5000 on the morning of the wedding. On 25th April, by which time Hotdog has made the wedding cake and procured supplies of champagne but has not prepared any of the food for the reception, Keith is very seriously injured in a road accident and admitted to hospital, where he lies in a coma. Ivor telephones this news to Hotdog on the same day and tells him that the wedding is off. Hotdog replies: "That's your business: you are paying me to put on a reception and so far as I'm concerned the show goes on." Hotdog prepares the food and makes all the other arrangements for the reception, but no guests come.

(i) Is Ivor entitled to the return of the £2000, or any sum?
(ii) Is Hotdog entitled to claim the £5000, or any sum?


High 2.1 essay, 66/100, 2nd year Contract law, Oxbridge

Answer: Ivor (I) is entitled to the return of the £2000 in (i) and Hotdog (H) is entitled to claim for the value of the wedding cake and champagne, but not the rest...


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Details: - Mark: 66% | Course: Contract Law | Year: 2nd/3rd | Words: 1087 | References: No | Date written: Not available | Date submitted: January 11, 2017 | Coursework ID: 1029

Question: 5LW005 Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Law – Assessment 2 – First-Sit – 2014/15

Khurto Ismail is a 41 year old man from Tikrit, Northern Iraq, where he lived until June 2014. Khurto is a member of the Yazidi Community, a community has lived in Northern Iraq for centuries and which practices its own religion, Yazidism. Yazidism is distinct from Abrahamic religions, based more on ancient Persian religions, although it has incorporated elements of Islam and Christianity. Article 2(2) of the Constitution of Iraq provides:

“This Constitution … guarantees the full religious rights to freedom of religious belief and practice of all individuals such as Christians, Yazidis, and Mandean Sabeans.”

On the night of the 9th June 2014, Mosul was captured by the military group then called the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) (also known as the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria [ISIS]), and now known, since the 29th June 2014, as the Islamic State (IS). On the 10th June, news reached Khurto in Tikrit that his brother and his sister-in-law, both Yazidis, had been captured by the IS and that their whereabouts were unknown. There were also rumours circulating in Tikrit that the IS had rounded up and executed Yazidis in Mosul who had refused to convert to Islam and that the IS was advancing on Tikrit.

Fearing for his own safety, Khurto decided to flee. He travelled to Baghdad, the capital city of the Republic of Iraq, and through a contact there managed to obtain a forged passport with a false Entry Clearance stamp purported to be made by the British Embassy in Baghdad. Using this passport, Khurto flew to Heathrow Airport, London, following a brief stopover in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Upon arrival in the United Kingdom, the Border Force detected that Khurto’s passport was a forgery. Upon discovery, Khurto claimed asylum in the United Kingdom.

You are asked to advise on the question of whether Khurto falls within the definition of “refugee” as defined in Article 1A (2) of the UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees 1951 (The “Geneva Convention”).

Answer: Khurto Ismail will have to rely on the 1951 refugee convention in order to obtain a refugee status in the United Kingdom. Convention sets out internationally agreed standards of what a refugee...


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Details: - Mark: Not available | Course: Human Rights Law | Year: 2nd/3rd | Words: 1455 | References: Yes | Date written: January, 2015 | Date submitted: May 04, 2015 | Coursework ID: 918

Question: A case study of Hunter v Moss [1994] 1 WLR 452 (CA). Mark 72%

Answer: This is a case study of Hunter v Moss , which has been subject to heavy academic criticism . In order to have a valid trust in law as it has been...


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Details: - Mark: 72% | Course: Equity and Trust Law | Year: 2nd/3rd | Words: 2663 | References: Yes | Date written: November, 2016 | Date submitted: March 29, 2017 | Coursework ID: 1012

Question: A case study of J A Pye (Oxford) Ltd and Another v Graham and Another [2002] UKHL 30.

Answer: Introduction This is a case study of J A Pye (Oxford) Ltd and Another v Graham and Another , which is the leading case on the topic of “adverse possession”. The doctrine...


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Details: - Mark: Not available | Course: Land law | Year: 2nd/3rd | Words: 2783 | References: Yes | Date written: March, 2017 | Date submitted: March 29, 2017 | Coursework ID: 1013

Question: A Comparison of the Courts: A Look at Current Day Jordan and Guyana’s Court Systems

Answer: Guyana and Jordan’s court systems are each interesting for their own reasons. Guyana, a country about the size of Idaho that borders the Atlantic Ocean between Suriname and Venezuela, has been a...


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Details: - Mark: 65% | Course: International Law | Year: 1st | Words: 604 | References: Yes | Date written: Not available | Date submitted: February 20, 2009 | Coursework ID: 406


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