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Criminal Law

Question: Problem Question: Shirley is married to Arnold. One day, Arnold slaps Shirley around the head causing deafness and bruising. A few days later he pushes her against a hot oven causing a burn to her forearm and a cut to her hand. The same night he cuts off a substantial portion of her hair following an argument. The following week Arnold says that unless Shirley can get him £1000, the sum of money he owes to Cliff, he will break both her legs. The violence has worn down Shirley’s resistance. She becomes depressed, anxious and fearful. Hardly aware of what she is doing, and experiencing intermittent spells of dizziness for which she takes medication, Shirley goes to a designer shop and grabs several expensive leather handbags from an assistant which she sells to passers-by outside a market in another part of town. She receives only £600 and knows that Arnold will be extremely angry that she has not found the full £1000. She therefore decides to borrow some money from the cash till in the shop where she works. Unfortunately, she can only find £100 which she plans to return after the next payday. She is, in fact, owed £200 in unpaid wages. At home she explains her actions to Arnold whereupon he picks up a hot iron. In the belief that this is a threatening gesture, Shirley picks up a knife and slashes Arnold’s forearm many times. He shouts that he was merely going to iron a dress for her to wear that evening.

What are the potential criminal liabilities of Shirley and Arnold?

Answer: Reckless Infliction and wounding of Grievous Bodily Harm Arnold may be charged with battery in specific reference to section 47 or 20 for the first instance of slapping Shirley around the head...


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Details: - Mark: 67% | Course: Criminal Law | Year: 1st | Words: 2000 | References: Yes | Date written: February, 2013 | Date submitted: April 02, 2014 | Coursework ID: 848

Question: In what circumstances does the criminal law impose a duty to assist other individuals? (Criminal Law 1st Year – 67%)

Answer: The criminal law imposes a duty to assist other individuals in only a limited number of circumstances. Specifically, only in those circumstances where a legal duty to act exists, may liability for...


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Details: - Mark: 67% | Course: Criminal Law | Year: 1st | Words: 1438 | References: No | Date written: May, 2009 | Date submitted: November 28, 2009 | Coursework ID: 578

Question: [For a practice to be subject to the criminal sanction] it is not enough in our
submission that [it] is . . . regarded as immoral. Nor is it enough that it
should cause harm. Both of these are minimal conditions for action by means of the criminal law but the are not sufficient.

Assess the validity of this assertion.

Answer: The above assertion suggests that, the belief that a practice is immoral or harmful should not alone constitute grounds for criminalisation. Rather a degree of rationality that focuses upon the possible advantages...


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Details: - Mark: 67% | Course: Criminal Law | Year: 1st | Words: 1968 | References: No | Date written: January, 2009 | Date submitted: November 28, 2009 | Coursework ID: 577

Question: To what extent does the Offences Against the Person Act leave the law, ' in urgent need of clarification.'

Answer: The lack of statutory regulation on the issue of consent in relation to assault and battery has left it exposed to much criticism. Although it was hoped that the Offences Against the...


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Details: - Mark: 67% | Course: Criminal Law | Year: 2nd/3rd | Words: 2414 | References: Yes | Date written: December, 2004 | Date submitted: October 14, 2008 | Coursework ID: 77

Question: “The law makes a distinction between insanity and sane automatism, but the distinction is a very fine one, both in terms of applicable legal principles and practical importance.” Discuss.

Answer: Automatism was defined in Bratty v. Attorney General for Northern Ireland [1963]. In R v Roach, the court stated “the legal definition of automatism allows for the fact that if external factors...


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Details: - Mark: 66% | Course: Criminal Law | Year: 1st | Words: 908 | References: Yes | Date written: November, 2010 | Date submitted: November 24, 2012 | Coursework ID: 751

Question: What are the limits to the defence of automatism?

Answer: Automatism exists where the actions of a person were beyond their conscious control. In Criminal Law, it is a potential defense to liability. The substance of the defense is that the accused...


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Details: - Mark: 66% | Course: Criminal Law | Year: 1st | Words: 1496 | References: No | Date written: January, 2009 | Date submitted: September 28, 2009 | Coursework ID: 581

Question: 1st Year Criminal Law – Case study

(a) Steven, who has been aware of his HIV positive status for 6 months, had unprotected consensual sexual intercourse with his girlfriend Karen. As a consequence, Karen is now HIV positive also.

What might Steven’s criminal liability be?

Answer: The offences of unlawful wounding and inflicting grievous bodily harm are contrary to Section 20 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861. The offence is committed when a person unlawfully and...


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Details: - Mark: 66% | Course: Criminal Law | Year: 1st | Words: 1546 | References: No | Date written: February, 2009 | Date submitted: October 05, 2009 | Coursework ID: 580

Question: Complete a case analysis of R V Davis [2008].

Answer: The appellant, Iain Davis, was present at an all night party on New Year’s Day 2002 during which a shot was fired and two men were killed. After being extradited from the...


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Details: - Mark: 66% | Course: Criminal Law | Year: 1st | Words: 1599 | References: No | Date written: November, 2009 | Date submitted: January 11, 2010 | Coursework ID: 573

Question: CRIMINAL LAW ASSIGNMENT 2
Question 1:
Role;
You are a Legal Assistant at Cash, Green and Money Solicitors in Bradford West
Yorkshire. You have been instructed by Greed your supervisor to prepare a report on
the following case scenario:
Scenario:
Crook is having financial difficulties. He decides to rob the Bradford Royal Bank.
Crook informs Andrew about his intentions and asks for his help, saying that they will
share the proceeds. Andrew says that he will be very happy to help and would want
50% of the proceeds for his assistance. The next day Andrew, informs the police of
the proposed plan. Crook is arrested.
Tasks;
a. Advise Crook of his criminal liability.
b. Advise Andrew of his legal liability.
Question 2:
Role;
You are a Assistant Prosecuting Officer and have been instructed by Killum, your
supervisor, to prepare a report on the following case scenario:

Scenario;
Jack a local club owner is married to Jane who works as an instructor at Body Fit First,
the local keep fit centre. One day whilst both are having a row Jack swore at Jane and
threatened to kick her out of the house. Jane became angry and punched Jack. She had
not foreseen any serious harm resulting to him. However, to Jane's surprise, Jack falls
over and fractures his spine.
Tasks:
a. Advise Jane as to her criminal liability in respect to the injuries caused to Jack.
Which offences do you think Jane may have committed?
b. What offences if any did Jack commit?

Answer: TASK ONE To establish criminal liability there are three basic elements to be proved they are guilty conduct (actus reus), guilty mind (mens rea) and the absence of any defence. An inchoate...


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Details: - Mark: 66% | Course: Criminal Law | Year: 1st | Words: 1897 | References: Yes | Date written: April, 2008 | Date submitted: April 18, 2009 | Coursework ID: 476

Question: Actus non facit reum, nisi mens rea (an act does not make a person legally liable unless the mind is legally blameworthy). Explain the meaning and importance of this maxim by reference to decided cases.

Answer: Actus non facit reum, nisi mens rea is the maxim that constitutes the basis for defining the two elements that must be proved before a person can be convicted of a crime....


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Details: - Mark: 66% | Course: Criminal Law | Year: 1st | Words: 1595 | References: No | Date written: Not available | Date submitted: February 18, 2009 | Coursework ID: 294


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